ONIONS, SHALLOTS & GARLIC
Types:
Onions
Shallots
Garlic
Soil:
Fertile and well-drained, add well-rotted manure or compost in the previous autumn
Planting Time:
Mid-Feb-April
Mid-Feb-April
Oct-March
Skill required:
low-moderate
low
low
Growing Tips:
  • Use sets (bulbs) rather than seeds.
  • Plant 4"-6" apart in rows or blocks.
  • Push back any bulbs uprooted by birds, cats and other unwanted gardeners.
  • Water to establish but be sparing later on unless wilting.
  • Keep weedfree.
As onions but
  • Will be supplied as a bulb. Bulb must be broken into individual cloves before planting.
  • Beware of using shop (culinary) garlic. It may have been heat-treated to prevent sprouting.
Pests:
  • Onion Fly: maggots bore into base of bulb, yellowing leaves are a sympton, plant parsley as companion crop.
  • Bolting: flower head forms, caused by planting too early (cold) or loose soil.
White Onion Rot: More common in garlic than onion, leaves yellow, white fluffy mould appears on bulb. Destroy plants, don't plant any of the onion family on land for 10 years.
Harvesting:
May-Sept.
June-August
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